Warsaw Stone at Treblinka Cemetery

Symbolic grave stone honors victims from Warszawa (Warsaw)

The largest stone in the symbolic cemetery at Treblinka is the one for Warsaw, from where the largest number of Jews were transported to the death camp. According to historian Martin Gilbert, 265,000 Jews from Warsaw were deported to Treblinka. The US Holocaust Memorial Museum puts the number from Warsaw at 300,000. In 1940 the Jewish population of Warsaw and the surrounding area, about 400,000 people, were first crowded into a walled ghetto, then later sent to Treblinka and other camps. According to my tour guide, there were around 4,000 Jews still living in Warsaw in 1998, but only 500 of them were active in the Jewish religion.

The photograph above shows the large stone dedicated to the victims from Warszawa, the Polish name for the city that Americans know as Warsaw. Note the two flags of Israel and the small metal cans holding votive candles, left by recent visitors. This stone is the first one you see, right in front of the large memorial tombstone, shown on the previous page.

The photo below shows the stone for the city of Sandomierz which is in the section that is farthest from the memorial tombstone. Note the many small stones that have no names. They represent the many villages in Poland where all Jewish life was extinguished in the Holocaust.

Stone commemorating victims from Sandomierz

At the bottom of the slope, where the symbolic cemetery is located, are 10 large stones with the names of all the countries from where the victims came. These countries are Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Austria, the Soviet Union, Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, France, and Belgium. According to Martin Gilbert in his book "Holocaust Journey," there were 13,000 Jews deported to Treblinka from the Greek provinces of Macedonia and Thrace, which were then occupied by Bulgaria, so their stone says "Bulgaria." Bulgaria was an ally of Germany, but no Jews from that country were deported. There is another stone at Treblinka for the 43,000 Jews from German-occupied Greece.

The photo below shows a close-up of the stones commemorating the Jewish victims from Poland and Czechoslovakia. At the base of the stones, visitors have placed votive candles in metal cans, fresh cut flowers and tiny flags of Israel. In the background, you can see part of the road which leads to the gravel pit, where there was a labor camp for Jews about a mile away.

Stones in honor of victims from Poland and Czechoslovakia

Stone in honor of Janusz Korczak



This page was last updated in 2002